注册 登录  
 加关注
   显示下一条  |  关闭
温馨提示!由于新浪微博认证机制调整,您的新浪微博帐号绑定已过期,请重新绑定!立即重新绑定新浪微博》  |  关闭

梦之苑——张丽媛的情感小屋

我是一株百合,不是一棵野草.唯一能证明我是百合的方法,就是绽放出美丽的花朵.

 
 
 

日志

 
 

儿子的练习作文之五  

2011-10-25 18:13:04|  分类: 【原创】儿子的练 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

                                                                                    儿子的练习作文之五

With worsening natural environmental conditions, people have started to pay much more attention to technologies which concern environment issues. Recycling technology is such technologies which attract attention in both Australia and China. These two countries both have a wide range of recycling technologies to tackle environmental problem caused by the huge consumption of a variety of products. There are some similarities about recycling of gray water and recycling of electronic products, and there are some differences about recycling of plastic and recycling of household wastes.< xmlnamespace prefix ="o" ns ="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office" />

 

First of all, water recycling is the most common recycling problem in these two countries. For example, in China, factories have to purify their gray water before letting the water run into rivers and must test of their water quality, otherwise, they will be punished seriously by the relevant government division. Meanwhile, water recycling factories which are established by the government collect and purify water from rivers and supply to factories or use as tap water after sorting their water quality. In addition, people are also encouraged to recycle undrinkable water at home for other uses. Similarly, in Australia, factories also invest in high technology water treatment facilities to purify their waste water. Meanwhile, in some households, there are two kinds of water supply, drinkable and undrinkable, which support by the system called Dual Distribution Systems (AWWA, 2009). Water suppliers sort water by different quality and supply to households, which increase the water recycling rate of gray water significantly, because people can reuse undrinkable water which is purified gray water for watering plants, washing or other uses and this kind of supply system can also provide safe drinkable water from another tap. Moreover, people are strongly encouraged to recycle water at home in Australia, which means they are supposed to recycle household gray water for other uses which require low water quality.

 

Another similarity is that both countries have a low recycle rate of electronic products. As the report made by Australian Mobile Telecommunications Association (2008) illustrates, in Australia, there are only average six percent mobile phone owners who recycle their used mobile phones by dropping them into drop-points while it is only one percent in China (ibid.). Today many firms in both Australia and China have started to collect used electronic products and pay for their customers’ used items. For example, most electronic shops in China have a recycle division which gives gift cards to those customers who want to buy a new electronic product and give their used one such as old style mobile phones and old televisions back to the shop to recycle (ibid). As same as China, in Australia, there are several firms buying used electronic products and take their heavy metal out. Because heavy metal in electronic products are not only precious and can reuse by produce another product, but also contaminate environment if disposed of them in an unsuitable way. So used electronic products collectors can sell these raw materials to factories to produce new products which reach their goal of recycling.

 

The most important and common form of recycling in China and Australia, is the recycling of plastic which has large consumption and hard to degrade. The most common waste is the plastic bag which appears in everywhere such as markets. To deal with them, Chinese government stops the free provision of plastic bags in shops and popularizes environmentally friendly shopping bags by law. As a report (Watts, 2009) shows, restrictions on plastic bag usage in China has already saved the equivalent of 1.6 million tons of oil since the law was introduced. Furthermore, Chinese Government requires factories produce higher quality plastic bags that can be used several times and are biodegradable. Therefore, plastic bags can be first recycled by people and then being recycled again when they become waste. On the contrary, in Australia, there are no such laws that ban shops from providing plastic bags. Although some greens (Creer, November 2003) are strongly encourage people change to use green bags or paper bags instead of non-biodegradable plastic bags.  And governors (ABC News, 2008) are intending to introduce new policies to control the use of normal plastic bags.

 

Another difference between China and Australia is waste collection. In China there are no policies insist that people classify waste into different categories such as recyclable or non-recyclable; however, most Australian local governments do so. For instance, Australian need to separate papers, bottles from other kinds of waste. Therefore, collectors can easily take recyclable waste and deliver them to relevant factories for recycling. In China, however, people always put all kind of waste together and throw them into garbage recollecting stations. Only few people separate plastic bottles, papers, and other recyclable wastes from unrecyclable wastes. Additionally, people sell their waste products, such as paper and bottles to collectors and make money. Moreover, according to a report (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2005), Australia has a high average rate of paper and cardboard recycling which was 88% while another report (Nolan-ITU, 2002) indicates that China has lower rate which was only 37%.However, in China, people are responsible for classifying different kinds of wastes and put them into the right garbage bins on roads in public these days and this is a new trend for the future development.

 

In conclusion, there are both similarities and dissimilarities in Australia and China in terms of recycling. Although two countries both have similar attitude and methods to recycle water from either household or industries, they are still facing the same condition of electronic products recycling. Differences can be found between Australia and China in waste recycling and plastic recycling. Nevertheless, both of them are trend to be more environmentally friendly and invest more to recycling facilities by growing higher recycle rate, more relative policies be planed and introduced as well.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

References

 

Australian Mobile Telecommunications Association. (2008). Australia’s mobile phone recycling rate benchmarked against world practice. [On-line].

Available:  http://www.amta.org.au/articles/amta/Australias.mobile.phone.recycling.rate.benchmarked.against.world.practice

 

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (20 April, 2007). Household waste management. [On-line].

Available: http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/0/90A31E6BF324B980CA256F7200832FBD?opendocument

 

AWWA (7 July, 2009). Reclaimed water. [On-line].

Available: http://www.awwa.org/publications/StreamlinesArticle.cfm?itemnumber=49455

 

Creer, K. (2 November, 2003). Villagers ban plastic bags. Sunday Telegraph, P19

      

Garrett calls time on plastic bags (10 Jan, 2008). ABC News. [On-line].

Available: http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2008/01/10/2135624.htm

 

Nolan-ITU and Visy Recycling (April, 2002) Recycling– How Does Australia Compare? Melbourne: NOLAN-ITU Pty Ltd.

 

Watts, J. (22 May, 2009). China plastic bag ban 'has saved 1.6m tonnes of oil'. Guardian [On-line].

Available: http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2009/may/22/china-plastic-bags-ban-success

 

 

  评论这张
 
阅读(531)| 评论(2)
推荐 转载

历史上的今天

在LOFTER的更多文章

评论

<#--最新日志,群博日志--> <#--推荐日志--> <#--引用记录--> <#--博主推荐--> <#--随机阅读--> <#--首页推荐--> <#--历史上的今天--> <#--被推荐日志--> <#--上一篇,下一篇--> <#-- 热度 --> <#-- 网易新闻广告 --> <#--右边模块结构--> <#--评论模块结构--> <#--引用模块结构--> <#--博主发起的投票-->
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

页脚

网易公司版权所有 ©1997-2017